Cyber Stalking

Cyberstalking At-A-Glance

Overt

● Direct contact via any “cyber” source such as Instant Messaging; E­Mail; Blogs; Online

communities such as MySpace, FaceBook, Yahoo! Groups

● Fraudulent subscriptions to mailing lists, most notably religious or porn lists

● Indirect postings, articles, messages to third parties or general “bulletins” about the victim in

online communities, blogs, or other places the victim may frequent or be alerted to.

Covert

● Gathering information via Instant Messaging profiles and away messages to learn habits,

locations, phone numbers, e­mail addresses, other friends' information

● Gathering information via online communities and blogs to better understand the victim,

dramatically increasing terror effectiveness

● Conducting electronic surveillance by use of “spyware” or interception of network traffic

(especially wireless)

Legalese

● NYS Penal Code Part 3, Title H, Article 120 sections 45,50,55 and 60 defined 4th

 ­ 1st degree

stalking: Class B Misdemeanor – Class D Felony

● Any communication or appearance resulting in fear to of harm to self, property, family or

acquaintances

● Any communication or appearance, after being clearly informed to cease, that causes harm to

the mental or emotional health

● Any communication or appearance resulting in fear of injury, sexual offense, kidnapping,

imprisonment or death

● Special circumstances increase severity:

 Previous convictions of Title H Crimes (Crimes against people involving violence or

intimidation)

 Possession or display of what appears to be a weapon (blade, firearm, bludgeoning, etc.) ­

For example using a webcam or photos sent to the victim

 Acts that result in physical injury to the victim whether intentional or not